जागरण मिडिया सेन्टर, काठमाण्डौं ।
१, काठमाण्डौं पोष्ट दैनिकले मुगुमा दलित वालवालिका शिक्षाबाट वञ्चित (Dalit children deprived of education in remote Mugu) शिर्षकको समाचार प्रकासित गरेको छ ।
Unlike most other kids their age, many children in Sayakhola VDC of remote Mugu district do not go to school: Their daily activities include collecting timber for firewood and fodder for the cattle rather than going to school and attending classes.
Majority of school students including children of school-going age in the village are compelled to drop their classes in favour of collecting firewood, which are then carried all the way to the district headquarters Gamgadhi to be sold at a meagre price. Almost all children in the village, which comprises 46 households, choose daily chores over education.
“Let alone passing SLC (School Leaving Certificate), even to find a student who has passed the Send-up Test is a rarity,” said Ranga Bahadur Kari, a teacher at the Kalika Higher Secondary School, Hennikad. He added that the children of the village have to sell the firewood for their daily survival.
Kalika Higher Secondary School is not even far — it is located just 15 minutes walk from the village. In addition, the government has introduced scholarship scheme for the Dalit students. However, the children are still reluctant to go to school.
“Selling firewood, not going to school, sustains our life,” said a child from the village on the condition of anonymity. “We sell firewood for Rs 350 per stack; the money earned ensures the survival of our family. Besides we also do not have money to buy stationeries for the school,”the child further said. Millions of rupees spent by dozens of NGOs and District Education Office (DEO) have failed to bring the children of the village to the classrooms. Not only this, UNICEF has also been spending a lot money for enhancing the educational sector in the district.
The VDC also spends a good amount of budget on education. Still the children prefer staying at home and do household chores rather than going to school.
This problem faced by Sayakhola VDC is not an isolated one. Parents of many rural VDCs of the district prefer sending their children to collect fodder or timber over school. Daily chores combined with irresponsible parenting have had such a devastating effect on the education of the children of Rawal Bada village in Fotu VDC- 1, that only two students in the village, which comprises 29 households, have passed the SLC examination.
“An age old mentality that children should do the household chores is mainly to be blamed for the educational backwardness seen in the mainly Dalit community of the village,” said Dhan Bahadur Damai, an elder of Rawalbada village. More than 75% children of the village are not found in the school classrooms as they have gone to India for employment.
“All this has caused the children to pick up bad habits including smoking and drinking addictions from a very early age. There have also been cases where the parents themselves were the reason behind such addiction in children,”said Indra Shahi, a District Child Officer. Saying that the parents are spoiling their children due to lack of awareness and poverty, Shahi informed that more than 95 percent of the children in Saya Khola VDC including Kotila and Mundu village of Pina VDC are deprived of education.
Youth education program has been initiated in these villages to relieve the children from the household chores and encourage them to go to school. The program has met with some success, according to District Child Welfare Committee. According to a statistics provided by the committee, there are more than 800 children in the district who are left helpless after losing one or both their parents and are suffering from mild to severe addiction. According to another statistics given by the Committee, a tradition of marrying children below 12 years is rife in Vimbada village of Karkiwada VDC. Children of the five VDC of the eastern Karan region of the district, which includes Pulun Kimrin, Dolfu, Magrika, are found engaging themselves in production and consumption of local homemade liquor.
“Children belonging to dalit and indigenous communities are more susceptible to alcohol addiction, which in turn makes them lose their interest in studies,” said Gurungsyanggap Lama of Pulu VDC. On contrary to all these, the District Education Officer, Dhan Sudhan Chaulagai informed that the survey of 2010 and national census puts the number of students not taking classes regularly at two thousand and two thousand one hundred, respectively.
२, कान्तिपुर दैनिकले गन्धर्वलाई पक्की घर शिर्षकमा एक समाचार छापेको छ ।
अर्घाखाचीको अर्घामा रहेका २३ घर गन्धर्व परिवारका लागि पक्की घर वनिरहेको छ । गरिवी निवारण कोष र जनता आवास कार्यक्रम अन्तर्गत एउटै मोडलमा घर बनेपछि गन्धर्वहरु खुसी भएका छन् । सरकारको होमस्टे सञ्चालन कार्यक्रम अन्तर्गत गरिवी निवारण कोषको ४० लाख र भवन निर्माण विभाग जनता आवास कार्यक्रमवाट घर निर्माण भईरहेको छ । उक्त घर निर्माणपछि फागुनसम्म पुरै हस्तान्तरण गरिने भएको छ ।
३, द हिमालय टाईम्स दैनिकले सरकारी विद्यालयमा दलित विद्यार्थीहरु घट्दै (Dalit Students declining in govt schools) शिर्षकमा उदयपुरको समाचार छापेको छ ।
District Education Office Udayapur has revealed that the number of Dalit students in government schools in the district has declined.
According to DEO, 400 students of the community dropped out of school this fiscal. Research has attributed the significant decline in the numbers of Dalit students to lack of effective programmes targeting children of that community.
Though various government and nongovernmental organizations have launched programmes targeting Dalit and have spent millions , they have failed to be effective , claimed stakeholders.
As many as 11,470 Dalit students were studying in community schools last year. The numbers has come down to 11,150 this session. “That’s a decresase by 320 compared to last years,” said statistics officer Devi Parajuli. Lack of effective enrollment programme might be an attributed to the declining number of students as also the growing charm of private and boarding schools, she said.
The total of Dalit students from grade one to eight last year was 10,230 whereas the number is 9,856 this year. The number of students in grades nine and ten has been depleted by 84 this year.
Similarly, it has been said that the numbers of students in various higher secondary schools of the district has also been declining.
District Education Office Hari Prasad Osti, said not only was the number of Dalit students declining, but overall, the number of students had dropped last years. “This might be because of the attribution of private and boarding schools,” Osti said.
४, अन्नपुर्ण दैनिकले राङरुङ छुवाछुत रहित गाउँ वन्ने शिर्षकमा तनहुको समाचार समेटेको छ ।
भिमादको राङरुङ गाउँलाई जातीइ छुवाछुत रहित नमुना गाउँका रुपमा विकास गरिने भएको छ । विपी चिन्तन प्रतिष्ठान तनहुको आयोजनामा भएको कार्यक्रममा स्थानीयले गाउँमा जिल्लामै जातीय विभेद रहित नमुना वनाउने प्रतिवद्धता जनाएका छन् ।
कार्यक्रममा राष्ट्रिय दलित आयोगका अध्यक्ष मान वहादुर नेपालीले देशमा छुवाछुत अन्त्य हुनुपर्ने वताउदै यसका लागि गाउँ स्तरमा छुवाछुत हटाउने भएको पहल सकरात्मक रहेको वताउनुभयो। आयोगले जातीय विभेद हटाउन अहिले अभियान चलाईरहेको उल्लेख गर्दै उहाँले स्थानियको सकृयताको उदाहरण अन्यत्रसमेत फैलाउन पहल गर्ने वताउनुभयो ।
छुवाछुत विरुद्धको वृहत छलफलमा महिला सहकारीकी अध्यक्ष सावीत्री थापाले नजानेर दलितलाई विभेद गरिए पनि अहिले सबै सचेत भएकाले त्यसो नगर्ने वताइन् । १८ सय घरधुरी रहेको गाविसमा ३ सय भन्दा वढि घर दलित समुदायको रहेको छ । दलितको सख्या समेत रहेको र विभेदको अवस्था पनि कम रहेकाले गाउँलाई नमुना वनाउन थालिएको स्थानीयले वताएका छन् ।